Introduction The Inductor Microphone is the result of research and development toward the production of a low-priced mic, the characteristics of which are high quality, sensitivity, freedom from shock excitation troubles, minimum response to wind effects, compactness, and ruggedness.
This microphone is a pressure-operated mic of the moving conductor type. A single 0.010-inch aluminum conductor is rigidly coupled to a diaphragm and located between the poles of a permanent magnet with its length perpendicular to the magnetic lines of force. The ends of the conductor are connected to a transformer that matches the impedance of a 250 or 50 ohm line. Sound waves reaching the diaphragm vibrate the conductor within the magnetic ﬁeld set up by the magnet. The vibration of the conductor is in accordance with the sound vibrations and, occurring as it does within the magnetic ﬁeld, sets up a corresponding alternating electric potential across the primary of the microphone transformer. These minute voltages are subsequently ampliﬁed to the power level required for broadcasting.
Quality of Response The frequency response of the microphone is uniform over its useful operating range from 60 to 10,000 cycles. The variation of the frequency response characteristic with the direction of the incident sound is similar to that of any other pressure operated microphone of comparable size, in that response to higher frequencies is attenuated as the angle between the direction of the incident sound and the plane of the diaphragm is decreased.
The microphone and its transformer are enclosed within a sturdy and attractive metal case on the back of which is mounted a recessed male connector for the attachment of the microphone cable. The microphone case is ﬁtted with a perforated metal front cover which serves to protect the transmitter from mechanical injury and adverse wind effects. This assembly is pivoted in a fork, to which is attached a threaded ﬂange mounting by means of which the microphone may be fastened to the top of a microphone stand. A suspension mounting Type UP-4277 is also supplied with the microphone to permit the unit to be suspended overhead when desired.
By following this link, Marian Anderson can be heard performing Erbarme dich, mein Gott, Aria 39, from the oratorio “St. Matthew Passion” by J. S. Bach. The link will transport you to a photo array on YouTube with details of the April 9, 1939 Easter Sunday concert described below. Your web browser’s BACK button can be used to return to the mic site. Duration of the aria is eight minutes.
Ms Anderson was an important ﬁgure in the struggle for African-American artists to overcome racial prejudice in the United States during the mid-twentieth century. In 1939 during the era of racial segregation, the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) refused to allow her to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C. The incident placed Anderson in the spotlight of the international community on a level unusual for a classical musician. With the aid of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Anderson performed a critically acclaimed open-air concert on Easter Sunday, April 9, 1939, on the Lincoln Memorial steps in the capital. The event was featured in a documentary ﬁlm. She sang before an integrated crowd of more than 75,000 people and a radio audience in the millions. In the photo above, Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, who facilitated the concert, introduced Ms Anderson, saying “In this great auditorium under the sky, all of us are free. Genius, like justice, is blind. Genius draws no color lines.”
A ﬁve-minute, 40-second YouTube video of preparations for and entrance of Ms Anderson for her Easter Sunday concert during 1939. Use your web browser’s BACK button to return to this page.